Seminar paper from the year 2005 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 1,00, University of Bamberg, course: English Pragmatics, language: English, abstract: The concept of political talk is not as old or traditionally anchored in our Western societies as we might expect it to be. The very first political footprints to be found in the history of mankind, made of course by the Greek and Roman cultures of the Ancient Times, were only a mere indication of the vast potential of the spoken word next to religious use. The law, political debate and inspiring speeches had evolved. But only since the total detachment from despotic rulers, egoistical monarchs and ruthless dictators are people really able to speak freely. The most decisive detachment in history is documented in the Declaration of Independence of July 4th 1776, when the thirteen North American colonies formed their own government apart from the British Empire. Ever since then, the oldest democracy in the world has been through many domestic and global changes. And with these changes also came the change in political talk. The messages and intentions of the political speakers had to adapt to the ever changing environments, the not foreseen challenges and the unknown circumstances surrounding them. Especially the modern world of technology has altered the entire concept of speaking to the people and leading the nation. Instead of just having to address the Representatives of the Congress as perhaps George Washington had done, Presidents such as James Garfield or Dwight Eisenhower had the privilege of speaking to hundreds and later millions of their fellow-citizens, due to the invention of the telephone, radio and the television. And since this kind of availability has constantly progressed, the politicians are now more than ever present in our daily lives. The Internet has taken care of that. And exactly this kind of technological comfort can be used as an excellent tool. Political debates and speeches on television have proven their value to the average and also undecided voter. But no politician can convey his or her message via radio or television without outstanding verbal abilities. Being able to influence the average American viewer simply by appearing on television is not enough.
Seminar paper from the year 2005 in the subject American Studies - Literature, grade: 2,0, University of Bamberg (Lehrstuhl für Anglistik), course: Hauptseminar Mark Twain, 9 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Die Arbeit beschreibt, wie das kontroverse Thema Rassismus in Mark Twains Klassiker "Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" thematisiert wird.
Seminar paper from the year 2005 in the subject American Studies - Literature, grade: 2,0, University of Bamberg (Lehrstuhl für Anglistik), course: Hauptseminar Mark Twain, 9 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Die Arbeit beschreibt, wie Rassismus in Mark Twains 'Adventures of Huckleberry Finn' thematisiert wird.
Seminar paper from the year 2003 in the subject American Studies - Literature, grade: 2 (B), University of Bamberg (Centre for British Studies), 10 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: When Wilder's 'The Skin of our Teeth' first came to the stage in 1942, the audience had difficulty understanding the play. Many of them left the theatre before the 3rd Act had started. The audience hadn't shared the same background as Wilder and one could say that they weren't ready for his play yet. However, most of the critics favoured the new play and Wilder received his third Pulitzer Prize for it. 'The Skin of our Teeth' is strongly influenced by Wilder's experience of two World Wars and his visit of English cities, which had been destroyed by German bombs, in 1941, where he was astonished by the 'almost amused bewilderment'1 the British showed whilst facing the disasters of war.2 During the late 1930s Wilder studied the works of James Joyce and admits that 'The Skin of our Teeth' is 'deeply indebted to James Joyce's Finnegans Wake'3, whilst critics called it 'an American re-creation, thinly disguised'4 with reference to the Joycean novel. He borrowed ideas from many other authors like André Obey. A second source of inspiration, every bit as important to 'The Skin of our Teeth' as the highbrow 'Finnegan's Wake', was the lowbrow, popular entertainment of the day: the burlesque. Especially the work of the American comedians Olsen and Johnson shows a certain affinity to Wilder's play. Wilder did not see himself as an innovator, but a man who tried to keep the craft of writing alive. 'I am not an innovator, but a rediscoverer of forgotten goods and I hope a remover of obtrusive bric á brac'5 1 Erwin Häberle, Das szenische Werk Thornton Wilders (Heidelberg 1967) pp. 91 2 ibid. pp. 91-107 3 Thornton Wilder, Our Town and Other Plays (1962) p.14 4 Rex Burbank, Thornton Wilder (Boston 1961), p.101 5 Thorton Wilder, Our Town and Other Plays (1962), p.14
Vgl. z. B. R. Kreckel 1983a: Theorie sozialer Ungleichheiten im Übergang, in: Ders. : (Hg. ): Soziale Ungleichheiten (Sonderband 2, Soziale Welt), Göttingen, S. 137-162; S. Hradil 1983a: Die Ungleichheit der 'Sozialen Lage', in: R. Kreckel (Hg. ): Soziale Ungleichheiten . . . , S. 101- 118; S. Hradil 1983b: Entwicklungstendenzen der Schicht-und Klassenstruktur in der Bundes republik, in: J. Matthes (Hg. ): Krise der Arbeitsgesellschaft? Verhandlungen des 21. Deutschen Soziologentages in Bamberg 1982, Frankfurt, S. 189-205; K. M. Bolte/S. Hradil 1984: Soziale Ungleichheit in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Opladen, S. 224-236 2 E. Hobsbawn 1969: Industry and Empire, Hammondsworth, S. 13 3 R. Dahrendorf 1967: Soziologie und industrielle Gesellschaft, in: Ders. : Pfade aus Utopia, München, S. 56 4 Die folgenden 'Erwartungen' bzgl. der Struktur sozialer Ungleichheit in Industriegesellschaften wurden vor allem zusammengestellt nach: J. Goldthorpe 1966: Social Stratification in Industrial Society, in: R. Bendix/S. M. Lipset (Hg. ): Class, Status, and Power. 2. Aufl. , New Vork, S. 648- 659; M. R. Lepsius 1977: Soziologische Theoreme über die Sozialstruktur der 'Modeme' und die 'Modemisierung', in: R. Koselleck (Hg. ): Studien zum Beginn der modemen Welt, Stuttgart, S. 10-29; D. Treiman 1970: Industrialization and Social Stratification, in: E. O. Laumann (Hg. ): Social Stratification, Indianapolis -New Vork, S. 207-234 5 Vgl. P. M. Blau/O. D. Duncan 19f)7: The American Occupational Structure, New Vork 6 Siehe ebd. , S. 7 7 F. Parkin 1974: Strategies of Social Clousure in Class F()rmation. in: Ders. (Hit. ): The Social Analysis of Class Structure, S.
Seminar paper from the year 2001 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Culture and Applied Geography, printed single-sided, grade: 2 (B), University of Bamberg (English and American Literature Studies), course: Proseminar The Geography, History, Folklore, and Literature of American Transportation, 8 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: 1. IntroductionThe building of the first Transcontinental Railroad marks one of the highlights in American History. Nearly 20,000 workers, mostly immigrants or Chinese, especially engaged for this job, had build a line stretching from Omaha, Nebraska, to the eastern boundary of California within just six years. This largest project in the history of American transportation cost about $ 50 Mio., a number not reached ever before. Huge discussions preceded the project, even more were held afterwards. This termpaper will deal with the preparations for, the actual work and the consequences of this enormous construction.[...]
Seminar paper from the year 2008 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Literature, grade: 1,3, University of Bamberg, course: African American Drama, 8 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: History is an issue of great meaning within the works of August Wilson. In this paper shall be analysed through which channels and with which methods the author transports not only the history of a family, but also the history of slavery interwoven with the experiences of the characters and their ancestors in the award winning novel The Piano Lesson. In this process of analysis we will find, that Wilson proposes a concept of memory that can be summed up with the term 'kommunikatives Gedächtnis' which was coined by Jan and Aleida Assmann and further developed by Harald Welzer. For better understanding the term 'communicative memory' will be used instead. In his play Wilson uses the method of storytelling. Through this we can see how the characters within the play communicate with each other and on one level transport communicative memory. But on the other level the reader becomes a silent listener participating in these conversations and in this role is able to read historical elements from the subtext of the stories told. In the last chapter August Wilson's way of communicating memory will be compared to Toni Morrison's approach in Site of Memory. What the reader finds in the first lines of the play is a short description of the setting. This short text tells about the Charles' house and the people who live in it. Most of the description however is concerned with the piano. 'What time or period is the setting for The Piano Lesson? That was the first question asked by the late great Chinese actor and director Ying Roucheng after he read the play in 1991.' His confusion concerning the time in which the action of the play is set can be understood easily, because nothing in the secondary text informs the reader about the temporal conditions of the play. It is necessary to take a closer look at the primary text to find the hints Wilson gives to define the temporal situation. The most prominent of those hints can be found in Doaker's story about the piano when he says, that his older brother Boy Charles 'would have been fifty-seven if he had lived. He died in 1911 when he was thirty-one years old.' Subsequently the reader has to do the math. Knowing this, the play must take place in the year 1936 or 1937.
Seminar paper from the year 2008 in the subject American Studies - Literature, grade: 2,3, University of Bamberg (Professur für Amerikanistik), course: American Historiographic Metafiction, 10 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The representation of history depends mainly on the perspective, attitude and cultural background of the beholder; which at the same time marks the major flaw of historiography. One topic or event will never be identically described by two historians, even if they are given the very same materials and sources to work with. As a consequence, historiography can only try to create an image, as true and original as possible, but is never able to depict everything that happened as it actually was in its full scope. So there were and always will be fictional elements and interpretations in the reports and writings about past events. This assumption leads us to historiographic metafiction, a style of writing that emerged during the postmodern era. If there is fiction in scholarly historiography, where is the difference between that and a novel that deals with history? This term paper will try to give an answer to that question and examine features and characteristics of historiographic metafiction, which eventually will be applied to Kurt Vonnegut's Slaughterhouse-Five. In postmodern literature and, of course, especially in historiographic metafiction, authors tried to find new ways of telling stories and particularly representing history. I will take a closer look at the narrative frame and especially the concept of time Vonnegut used in the novel. But how is history represented in Slaughterhouse-Five? This will be the second part of the analysis that will attempt to find answers why Vonnegut wrote the novel the way he did. The third part will deal with intertextual elements in the novel. All citations from the novel and the pages indicated in brackets are taken from the edition cited below.
Now an esoteric of legal and criminal history, A Hangman&#8217;s Diary gives a year-by-year breakdown on all of Master Franz Schmidt&#8217;s executions, which included hangings, beheadings, and other methods, as well as details of each capital crime and the reason for the punishment. From 1573 to 1617, Master Franz Schmidt was the executioner for the towns of Bamberg and Nuremberg. During that span, he personally executed more than 350 people while keeping a journal throughout his career. A Hangman&#8217;s Diary is not only a collection of detailed writings by Schmidt about his work, but also an account of criminal procedure in Germany during the Middle Ages. With analysis and explanation, editor Albrecht Keller and translators C. Calvert and A. W. Gruner have put together a masterful tome that sets the scene of execution day and puts you in Master Franz Schmidt&#8217;s shoes as he does his duty for his country. An unusual and fascinating classic of crime and punishment, A Hangman&#8217;s Diary is more than a history lesson; it shows the true anarchy that inhabited our world only a few hundred years ago. Skyhorse Publishing, as well as our Arcade imprint, are proud to publish a broad range of books for readers interested in history--books about World War II, the Third Reich, Hitler and his henchmen, the JFK assassination, conspiracies, the American Civil War, the American Revolution, gladiators, Vikings, ancient Rome, medieval times, the old West, and much more. While not every title we publish becomes a New York Times bestseller or a national bestseller, we are committed to books on subjects that are sometimes overlooked and to authors whose work might not otherwise find a home.